Fundamentals of auditory impairment for the speech-language pathologist
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The purpose of this guide is to outline the fundamentals of speech, language, and hearing that are needed for speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to work with children with auditory impairment (AI). Specifically, SLPs must understand the basics of audiology and aural rehabilitation when working with the auditory impaired population and the impact hearing problems have on speech and language. A primary goal of this report is to describe and critically examine principles of evidence-based practice and treatment approaches specifically designed for and/or commonly used with AI patients. This report breaks down some of the most essential information an SLP may need when working with children with AI, specifically sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), including but not limited to the following: causes and types of auditory impairment, understanding an audiogram, types of amplification systems, communication options, and treatment methods.