Marriage in Iranian cinema : a metaphorical platform for the discussion of women’s rights in post-revolutionary Iran
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This thesis exams the use of marriage as a metaphorical platform in Iranian cinema for the discussion women’s rights issues outside of films classified as fīlmhā-ye zanān (‘women’s films). Drawing on theoretical frameworks of ‘consciousness raising’ and ‘cofabulation,’ analysis of these films focuses on the relationship between society and law as it is represented through marriage in film. Through a combination of content and contextual analysis, this thesis discusses the political, social and religious changes that took place in Iran between the Pahlavi Dynasty (1925–1941) and the presidency of Mohammad Khatami (1997–2005) in order to establish the situation of women during these periods and women’s organization movements. In doing so, we can see that the discussion of women’s rights issues in Iran, although subdued in society, was able to emerge in film and break away from the generic boundaries of fīlmhā-ye zanān (women’s films) via the metaphorical platform of marriage into other film genres. By using marriage as the site for discussion in film, representations of women’s rights in these films raised the consciousness of Iranian society and brought more open discussion of these issues to the public sphere.