Virtual work practices and the experience of time
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For the most part, scholars have treated virtuality as a work arrangement that places organizational members in or out of a qualifying "virtual box." However, what is often neglected in extant literature is the notion that virtual work is a practice afforded to "standard" workers as well. With this broader, more fluid concept in mind, researchers have failed to address the wider impacts associated with the ubiquity of virtual work practices (VWP) such as: how does virtuality influence organizational members' experience of time? Frameworks proposed by Ballard and Gossett (in press) as well as Lee and Liebenau (2002) offer a way to explore the significance of time as it relates to the proliferation of virtual work. In the present study, members' reported their experience of time based on 11 dimensions of time and degree of virtuality. Results indicated that a high degree of virtuality was highly correlated with the temporal dimension of punctuality. However, there was no significant relationship between virtuality and temporal focus (i.e., present and future focus), urgency, scarcity, flexibility, separation, and linearity. Based on theses findings, two sets of insights from the analysis have are developed, implications are discussed as well as directions for future research.