This report reviews the state of secondary education in the United States by first summarizing the development of American high schools from the early 1800s through 2007. The report captures highlights of 21st century reform efforts, including a brief introduction to reform leaders in foundations and government. Following data about high school participation is a review of high school reform issues. The report presents summaries of high school reform models and strategies for improving the delivery of
secondary education. It concludes with an overview of federal and state policies that aim to stimulate improvement in high schools and recommendations for continued progress.