The role of working memory, self-regulation, and mindfulness in multitasking performance
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This report lays out the ways in which multitasking has been defined and the component pieces of the process that can be improved. Changes to self-regulation, working memory, and heuristic thinking may lead to increased multitasking performance. Although working memory training has been varied in its results, the centrality of working memory capacity to task switching remains clear. Goal setting and goal monitoring might function to lower the cognitive load required for performing multiple interleaved tasks by helping to maintain conscious focus on the desired outcome. Additionally, mindfulness training has been shown to improve many of the cognitive functions involved in multitasking, and therefore it remains an area ripe for future research.