Transition to Chemical Turbulence
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Experiments have been conducted on Turing-type chemical spatial patterns and their variants in a quasi-two-dimensional open spatial reactor with a chlorite-iodide-malonic acid reaction. A variety of stationary spatial structures-hexagons, stripes, and mixed states-were observed, and transitions to these states were studied. For conditions beyond those corresponding to the emergence of patterns, a transition was observed from stationary spatial patterns to chemical turbulence, which is marked by a continuous motion of the pattern within a domain and of the grain boundaries between domains. The transition to chemical turbulence was analyzed by measuring the correlation length, the average pattern speed, and the total length of the domain boundaries. The emergence of chemical turbulence is accompanied by a large increase in the defects in the pattern, which suggests that this is an example of defect-mediated turbulence.