Cosmic Microwave Background-Weak Lensing Correlation: Analytical and Numerical Study of Nonlinearity and Implications for Dark Energy
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Evolution of density fluctuations yields secondary anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background ( CMB), which are correlated with the same density fluctuations that can be measured by weak lensing (WL) surveys. We study the CMB-WL correlation induced by the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect and its nonlinear extension, the Rees-Sciama (RS) effect, using analytical models as well as N-body simulations. We show that an analytical model based on the time derivative of matter power spectrum agrees with simulations. All-sky cosmic-variance-limited CMB and WL surveys allow us to measure the correlation from the nonlinear RS effect with high significance (50 sigma) for l(max) = 10(4) whereas forthcoming missions such as Planck and LSST are expected to yield 4 l p 10 1.5 sigma detections, on the assumption of that the point-source contributions are negligible. We find that the CMB-WL correlation has a characteristic scale which is sensitive to the nature of dark energy.