Kepler-14B: A Massive Hot Jupiter Transiting An F Star in A Close Visual Binary
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We present the discovery of a hot Jupiter transiting an F star in a close visual (0 ''.3 sky projected angular separation) binary system. The dilution of the host star's light by the nearly equal magnitude stellar companion (similar to 0.5 mag fainter) significantly affects the derived planetary parameters, and if left uncorrected, leads to an underestimate of the radius and mass of the planet by 10% and 60%, respectively. Other published exoplanets, which have not been observed with high-resolution imaging, could similarly have unresolved stellar companions and thus have incorrectly derived planetary parameters. Kepler-14b (KOI-98) has a period of P = 6.790 days and, correcting for the dilution, has a mass of M-p = 8.40(-0.34)(+ 0.35) M-J and a radius of R-p = 1.136(-0.054)(+ 0.073) R-J, yielding a mean density of rho(p) = 7.1 +/- 1.1 g cm(-3).