Detection of abandoned objects in crowded environments
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With concerns about terrorism and global security on the rise, it has become vital to have in place efficient threat detection systems that will identify potentially dangerous situations, and alert the authorities to take appropriate action. Of particular relevance is the case of abandoned objects in highly crowded areas. This thesis describes a general framework that recognizes the event of someone leaving an object unattended in forbidden areas. Our approach involves the recognition of four sub-events that characterize the activity of interest. When an unaccompanied object is found, the system analyzes its history to determine its most likely owner(s). Through subsequent frames, the system keeps a lookout for the owner, whose presence in or disappearance from the scene defines the status of the object and determines the appropriate course of action. The system was successfully implemented and tested on several standardized datasets.