Reaction-Based Indicator Displacement Assay (RIA) for the Selective Colorimetric and Fluorometric Detection of Peroxynitrite
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Using the self-assembly of aromatic boronic acids with Alizarin Red S (ARS), we developed a new chemosensor for the selective detection of peroxynitrite. Phenylboronic acid (PBA), benzoboroxole (BBA) and 2-(N, N-dimethylaminomethyl) phenylboronic acid (NBA) were employed to bind with ARS to form the complex probes. In particular, the ARS-NBA system with a high binding affinity can preferably react with peroxynitrite over hydrogen peroxide and other ROS/RNS due to the protection of the boron via the solvent-insertion B-N interaction. Our simple system produces a visible colorimetric change and on-off fluorescence response towards peroxynitrite. By coupling a chemical reaction that leads to an indicator displacement, we have developed a new sensing strategy, referred to herein as RIA (Reaction-based Indicator displacement Assay).