Photophysical Tuning of the Aggregation-Induced Emission of a Series of Para-Substituted Aryl Bis (Imino)Acenaphthene Zinc Complexes
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Bis(imino)acenaphthene (BIAN) zinc complexes with para-substituted aryl groups have been synthesized and investigated from the standpoint of their photophysical properties. Each complex was found to be nonemissive in solution. However, complexes 1-6 turned out to be emissive in the solid state, while complexes 7 and 8 remained nonemissive. The emissions for complexes 1-8 displayed color tunability ranging from red-yellow. A detailed crystallographic study of the "as-synthesized" structures revealed a distinct difference in the crystal packing environments of the emissive and nonemissive complexes. Furthermore, a solvatomorphic study provided further emission tunability via changes in the crystal packing environments of each solvatomorph. Lastly, TD-DFT calculations were performed in order to investigate the effect of different para-substituents on the flanking aryl rings of the BIAN ligand.