A Dicationic Calix 4 Pyrrole Derivative and Its Use for the Selective Recognition and Displacement-Based Sensing of Pyrophosphate
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A new bis-pyridinium calix pyrrole derivative is reported. This system forms a non-fluorescent complex upon exposure to the chromenolate anion. The resulting supramolecular ensemble binds the pyrophosphate anion with high affinity (K-a (2.55 +/- 0.12) x 10(7) M-1) in acetonitrile. It exhibits sensitive "turn-on" fluorescence when exposed to tetrabutylammonium pyrophosphate, and does so in preference to other anions, including the fluoride and phosphate anions.