A Selective and Sensitive Chromogenic and Fluorogenic Detection of a Sulfur Mustard Simulant
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A simple and highly selective chromogenic and fluorogenic detection of sulfur mustard (SM) simulants is reported. Dithiol 1, in the presence and absence of a mustard simulant behaves differently toward a squaraine dye (SQ), and thus provides a visual and spectroscopic signal for mustard gas. The sensor responds to the SM simulant, but not to the O-analog of mustard stimulant or nerve agent mimics and other electrophilic agents. The visual and fluorescent detection with less than 50 mu M of SM simulant shows good sensitivity. The utility of the sensor was demonstrated by analysis of SM simulant on surfaces, in soil, and in the gas phase.