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A "heat pipe"-style recirculating lithium oven for entrainment into supersonic helium beams
This thesis presents the work on a new oven design optimized for the entrainment of lithium into a pulsed supersonic beam of helium. The proposed oven does not pollute the vacuum with lithium atoms that are not entrained, ...
A comparative study of entrainment in supersonic beams
In the field of atomic physics, there is a growing demand for large numbers of dense, trapped atoms. The traditional method of generating trapped atoms is through laser cooling, however the field has reached saturation in ...