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dc.contributor.advisorDull, Robert
dc.creatorAvnery, Shiri
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-31T14:28:16Z
dc.date.available2016-08-31T14:28:16Z
dc.date.issued2007-05
dc.identifierdoi:10.15781/T2PR7MV24
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/39735
dc.description.abstractThis study examines the relationship between short-term climate variability, paleo-fires, and anthropogenic sources of environmental change over the past 1,400 years on Ometepe Island, located in the tropical dry forests of southwestern Nicaragua. Macroscopic charcoal, loss on ignition, and magnetic susceptibility records were reconstructed from a lake sediment core, and statistical wavelet analyses were performed to contextualize natural fire regimes in this under-investigated tropical biome. Results from this project suggest that fire regimes on Ometepe Island respond to high frequency (sub-centennial scale) climate variations potentially due to the 11- and 22-year sunspot cycles and/or the El Niño Southern Oscillation, with dominant periodicities of ~7, 14, and 24 years. Results additionally support regional paleoenvironmental analyses by providing evidence of anthropogenic environmental impacts between ~600 and 1500 A.D. with a drastic decline after European contact, as well as evidence of widespread drought conditions between 800 - 1000 A.D. and 1150 – 1300 A.D.en_US
dc.format.mediumelectronicen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofUT Electronic Theses and Dissertationsen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Presentation of this material on the Libraries' web site by University Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin was made possible under a limited license grant from the author who has retained all copyrights in the works.en_US
dc.subjectShort term climate variabilityen_US
dc.subjectPaleo-firesen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental changeen_US
dc.subjectOmetepe Islanden_US
dc.subjectNicaraguaen_US
dc.title1,400 years of biomass burning, climate variability, and environmental change on Ometepe Island, Lake Nicaraguaen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.departmentGeography and the Environmenten_US
dc.type.genreThesisen_US
thesis.degree.departmentGeography and the Environmenten_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGeographyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Texas at Austinen_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Artsen_US
dc.rights.restrictionRestricteden_US


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