Short-term and long-term recall in adults who stutter
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Research has demonstrated that working memory of adults who stutter may be compromised compared to adults who do not stutter. However, these data are largely limited to production tasks. Additionally, explorations of recall accuracy have been limited to short term recall. The purpose of the present study was to further investigate the integrity of short-term memory of adults who stutter as well as long-term memory. Participants listened to lists of words that were maximally phonologically related, maximally semantically related, and lists that were both semantically and phonologically related. In the short-term condition, lists were presented three successive times and participants were required to recall words immediately after each presentation in the form of nonvocal typed responses. In the long-term condition, lists were presented once and participants were required to recall words 20 minutes later in the form of nonvocal typed responses.