The Turning Key
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Forward steps are being taken in the care of mentally ill patients, who are often cured and returned to their homes as productive citizens. In many hospitals up to 80 per cent of first admissions are returned home within a year. In a state close to Texas the mentally ill do not remain in jail pending admission to a state hospital because there is no waiting list. As soon as patients reach the hospital, members of the medical staff diagnose their difficulty as accurately as possible, and members of the treatment and rehabilitation team begin the hopeful process of preparing them for their return to useful work in community life. Texas aspires to a similar goal. Its hospital program is moving from the "human warehouses" of the past to effective treatment centers-places of encouragement, of hope, of cure. The transition is not easy. Scientific knowledge, public interest, and professionally trained personnel are the indispensable partners in such progress. Research workers can define problems and point to ways of improvement, but even their invaluable reports become dust-collectors unless the information is made available to the public. At the request of the Texas Research League staff, the Hogg Foundation is publishing this brief booklet based on their 13 volume study. The League is responsible for the study, for the findings, and for the recommendations. The Foundation is responsible for writing the study in summary form. Individual copies are available at the Hogg Foundation office without charge.