Characterizing minus no. 200 fine aggregate for performance in concrete
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ASTM C 33 limits the amount of microfine aggregate smaller than 75 µm (No. 200 sieve) to be used in concrete. In the past, it was believed that this fraction was clay and, therefore, a poor performer. This is not necessarily the case with manufactured fine aggregates. While work continues toward altering ASTM C 33 to allow a higher percentage of microfine aggregates, there is need for a method of determining whether these microfines will have deleterious effects or not. Fourteen aggregates were collected for evaluation in this study. Methods of characterizing the microfines to determine their effects on concrete properties were developed in this study. In addition to fully characterizing the aggregates using advanced techniques, simple tests for microfines that can be used as a criterion for their exclusion or inclusion were evaluated. For such a test to be meaningful there must be a strong correlation between its results and concrete performance. Mortar and concrete mixes incorporating microfines from fourteen different aggregates are tested in this project for a variety of performance criteria. This project fully characterizes microfines and evaluates simple tests for predicting performance in concrete.