Spatially resolved single atom detection of neutral atoms
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This thesis describes several new ideas towards spatially resolved single atom detection, using a magic wavelength and spatially resolved stimulated Raman transitions. After an introduction to the theory of AC-Stark shifts and the magic wavelength, we will present the calculations on the magic wavelength for Sodium and Rubidium. We conclude the first chapters by summarizing the experimental efforts made in order to determine the magic wavelength in Sodium. The theory for stimulated Raman transitions will be described in chapter 5 and evaluated in chapter 6 for Sodium atoms, including a prediction for the ideal pulse area and the spatial resolution achievable using magnetic field gradients.