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dc.date.accessioned2016-04-22T19:45:59Z
dc.date.available2016-04-22T19:45:59Z
dc.date.issued2011-09en
dc.identifierdoi:10.15781/T2HN55
dc.identifier.citationEisenstein, Daniel J., David H. Weinberg, Eric Agol, Hiroaki Aihara, Carlos Allende Prieto, Scott F. Anderson, James A. Arns et al. >SDSS-III: Massive spectroscopic surveys of the distant universe, the Milky Way, and extra-solar planetary systems.> The Astronomical Journal, Vol 142, No. 3 (Sep., 2011): 72.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0004-6256en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/34420
dc.description.abstractBuilding on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS Data Release 8 (DR8), which was made public in 2011 January and includes SDSS-I and SDSS-II images and spectra reprocessed with the latest pipelines and calibrations produced for the SDSS-III investigations. This paper presents an overview of the four surveys that comprise SDSS-III. The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey will measure redshifts of 1.5 million massive galaxies and Ly alpha forest spectra of 150,000 quasars, using the baryon acoustic oscillation feature of large-scale structure to obtain percent-level determinations of the distance scale and Hubble expansion rate at z < 0.7 and at z approximate to 2.5. SEGUE-2, an already completed SDSS-III survey that is the continuation of the SDSS-II Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration (SEGUE), measured medium-resolution (R = lambda/lambda Delta approximate to 1800) optical spectra of 118,000 stars in a variety of target categories, probing chemical evolution, stellar kinematics and substructure, and the mass profile of the dark matter halo from the solar neighborhood to distances of 100 kpc. APOGEE, the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment, will obtain high-resolution (R approximate to 30,000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N >= 100 per resolution element), H-band (1.51 mu m < lambda < 1.70 mu m) spectra of 105 evolved, late-type stars, measuring separate abundances for similar to 15 elements per star and creating the first high-precision spectroscopic survey of all Galactic stellar populations (bulge, bar, disks, halo) with a uniform set of stellar tracers and spectral diagnostics. The Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-area Survey (MARVELS) will monitor radial velocities of more than 8000 FGK stars with the sensitivity and cadence (10-40 ms(-1), similar to 24 visits per star) needed to detect giant planets with periods up to two years, providing an unprecedented data set for understanding the formation and dynamical evolution of giant planet systems. As of 2011 January, SDSS-III has obtained spectra of more than 240,000 galaxies, 29,000 z >= 2.2 quasars, and 140,000 stars, including 74,000 velocity measurements of 2580 stars for MARVELS.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipAlfred P. Sloan Foundationen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Science Foundationen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipU.S. Department of Energy Office of Scienceen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipBrazilian Participation Groupen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipBrookhaven National Laboratoryen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Cambridgeen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipCarnegie Mellon Universityen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Floridaen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFrench Participation Groupen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipGerman Participation Groupen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipHarvard Universityen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipInstituto de Astrofisica de Canariasen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMichigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Groupen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipJohns Hopkins Universityen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipLawrence Berkeley National Laboratoryen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMax Planck Institute for Astrophysicsen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNew Mexico State Universityen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNew York Universityen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipOhio State Universityen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipPennsylvania State Universityen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Portsmouthen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipPrinceton Universityen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Participation Groupen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Tokyoen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Utahen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipVanderbilt Universityen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Virginiaen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Washingtonen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipYale Universityen_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.rightsAdministrative deposit of works to Texas ScholarWorks: This works author(s) is or was a University faculty member, student or staff member; this article is already available through open access or the publisher allows a PDF version of the article to be freely posted online. The library makes the deposit as a matter of fair use (for scholarly, educational, and research purposes), and to preserve the work and further secure public access to the works of the University.en_US
dc.subjectcosmology: observationsen_US
dc.subjectgalaxy: evolutionen_US
dc.subjectplanets and satellites:en_US
dc.subjectdetectionen_US
dc.subjectsurveysen_US
dc.subjectdigital sky surveyen_US
dc.subjectbaryon acoustic-oscillationsen_US
dc.subjectsurvey commissioningen_US
dc.subjectdataen_US
dc.subjectluminous red galaxiesen_US
dc.subjectlens acs surveyen_US
dc.subjectstellar atmosphericen_US
dc.subjectparametersen_US
dc.subjectsagittarius dwarf galaxyen_US
dc.subjectvelocity experiment raveen_US
dc.subjectultracool white-dwarfsen_US
dc.subjectinfrared caii tripleten_US
dc.subjectastronomy & astrophysicsen_US
dc.titleSDSS-III: Massive Spectroscopic Surveys Of The Distant Universe, The Milky Way, And Extra-Solar Planetary Systemsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.departmentMcDonald Observatoryen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1088/0004-6256/142/3/72en_US
dc.contributor.utaustinauthorKoesterke, Larsen_US
dc.contributor.utaustinauthorShetrone, Matthew D.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofserialAstronomical Journalen_US


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