A block model for submarine slides involving hydroplaning
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This dissertation details the development of a block model for the movement of submarine slides with emphasis on possible hydroplaning. Unlike previous models, the block model simulated the mechanism of hydroplaning by monitoring the contact condition between the bottom surface of the slide mass and the underlying ground. The effect of hydroplaning on the movement of the slide mass is considered by changing the forces applied on the slide mass by the underlying ground according to the contact condition. The hydrodynamic stresses applied on the slide mass by the surrounding fluid are determined based on the numerical simulations of the flow around a sliding mass. The sliding process of the block is disretisized in a step-by-step manner using a Newmark scheme. A computer program is also written to implement the block model. The block model is validated by comparisons between the numerical results and data reported by Mohrig, et al (1999) for laboratory experiments on subaqueous slides. An illustrative study is also conducted using the block model for the movement of the sediment slabs during the Storegga Slide. The block model has successfully predicted the occurrence of hydroplaning and run-out distances of subaqueous slides. Numerical results with the block model supports the mechanism of hydroplaning for subaqueous slides with greater run-out distances than comparable subaerial slides.