Voltage Standardization of DC Distribution System for Residential Buildings
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The renewable energy sources (RES) such as photovoltaic (PV) are basically DC power sources. In the present scenario, the integration of RES to power distribution infrastructure necessitates the DC-AC converter. Moreover the DC loads in the buildings is ever increasing with the use of CFL, LED, refrigerator, TV, fan, air conditioner, laptop, and other electronics in workplaces and homes. This forced to introduce the internal or external AC-DC converter to tie the DC load to AC distribution infrastructure of existing power system. This is further adding losses and complexity. This AC-DC converter stage can be reduces up to a certain level by DC distribution system (DCDS). Secondly the multi voltage rating of RES and DC load insists to introduce DC-DC converter in DCDS infrastructure. This will further add losses and complexity. In this paper a standard voltage level DCDS is proposed to minimize the system losses, complexity. To verify the simulated results in terms of building load and converter losses, a DCDS equipped with different energy sources like solar panel (PV), public utility (PU) and battery bank (BB) is compared with ACDS.