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dc.contributor.advisorBrowning, Karen S.en
dc.creatorProvinzino, Anne Marie Schneideren
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-04T21:18:41Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-04T21:18:41Zen
dc.date.issued2006-08en
dc.identifierdoi:10.15781/T2BP83en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/32896en
dc.description.abstractEukaryotic translation initiation is a complex process involving many factors. Two vital components of this system are eukaryotic initiation factors (eIF) 4E and 4G, which together form the complex eIF4F. eIF4E is the cap-binding subunit, interacting with the 7-methyl guanosine at the 5'-end of messenger RNA. There are multiple forms of this gene in Arabidopsis thaliana: eIF4E1, eIF4E2, eIF4E3, eIFiso4E, and novel cap-binding protein. The scaffolding component of the eIF4F cap-binding complex is eIF4G. This protein binds not only to eIF4E, but also to eIF3, eIF4A, and poly(A)binding protein. Three versions are found in Arabidopsis: eIF4G, eIFiso4G1, and eIFiso4G2. Plants are unique in that they are the only organisms to contain the isoform versions of these genes. A goal of the research described in this thesis is to determine the mechanisms by which plant eIF4F isoforms specifically select mRNAs for translation. This thesis describes the cloning of dicistronic Arabidopsis eIF4G with some members of the eIF4E cap-binding family. Comparison of the biochemical activities of these complexes with various mRNAs will generate more information about their specific functions. Analysis of Arabidopsis T-DNA insertion mutants is included to elucidate the role(s) of eIF4F, eIFiso4F, and their subunits in plant translation. The phenotype(s) of a mutant may provide clues as to the function of the protein(s) not expressed. The importance of the eIF4F complex to translation initiation makes it a target for regulation. These regulatory mechanisms include inhibition by cleavage, competitive inhibitors, phosphorylation, binding of partner proteins, and exploitation by viruses. Our hypothesis is that the eIF4E and eIF4G genes are also regulated at the level or translation. Part of this thesis describes preparation and sequencing of cDNAs for eIF4G, eIFiso4G1, eIFiso4G2, eIF4E1, eIF4E2, eIF4E3, eIFiso4E, and nCBP to identify full length 5'UTRs and determine if regulatory elements are present.en
dc.format.mediumelectronicen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofUT Electronic Theses and Dissertationsen
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Presentation of this material on the Libraries' web site by University Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin was made possible under a limited license grant from the author who has retained all copyrights in the works.en
dc.subjectEukaryotic cellsen
dc.subjectMessenger RNAen
dc.subjectPlant geneticsen
dc.titleCharacterization of Arabidopsis thaliana translation initiation factor eIF4Fen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.description.departmentBiochemistryen
dc.type.genreThesisen
thesis.degree.departmentBiochemistryen
thesis.degree.disciplineBiochemistryen
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Texas at Austinen
thesis.degree.levelMastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Artsen
dc.rights.restrictionRestricteden


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