Magnetic phase diagram of Ca₂₊xY₂₋xCu₅O₁₀₋[delta]: oxygen hole-doping effects
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Oxygen hole-doping effects on a spin-chain system, Ca[subscript 2+chi]Y[2-chi]Cu₅O[subscript 10-delta](CaYCuO) are reported. CaYCuO is a good specimen to study the magnetic properties of the CuO₂ chain at the ground state because it has no complex structure other than the chain and it has hole dopability up to the formal copper valence number of +2.4. Specifically, we can dope holes into the CuO₂ chain by substituting Ca²⁺ for Y³⁺ or by utilizing oxygen deficiency. After a systematic study of the two methods to dope holes, we found that oxygen doping makes a more critical change in magnetic ordering in the chain than the replacement of Ca²⁺. Oxygen deficiency effects of the chain on the magnetic properties were explained using a mean field theory. A new relation for the effective hole doping was found as p = x - [alpha delta], where a = 3/2(x - [delta]) - 1/4. We study the anisotropy of magnetic properties of single crystal Li-cathode material (LiFePO₄) for g-factor, Curie-Weiss temperature, and effective moment. Magnetic properties Au/SiO₂ coated [gamma]-Fe₂O₃ are compared with pure [gamma]-Fe₂O₃ finding a decrease in the blocking temperature and the irreversible temperature for the coated nanoparticles.