The impact of weights’ specifications with the multiple membership random effects model
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of the simulation was to assess the impact of weight pattern assignment when using the multiple membership random effects model (MMREM). In contrast with most previous methodological research using the MMREM, mobility was not randomly assigned; rather the likelihood of student mobility was generated as a function of the student predictor. Two true weights patterns were used to generate the data (random equal and random unequal). For each set of generated data, the true correct weights and two incorrect fixed weight patterns (fixed equal and fixed unequal) that are similar to those used in practice by applied researchers were used to estimate the model. Several design factors were manipulated including the percent mobility, the ICC, and the true generating values of the level one and level two mobility predictors. To assess parameter recovery, relative parameter bias was calculated for the fixed effects and random effects variance components. Standard error (SE) bias was also calculated for the standard errors estimated for each fixed effect. Substantial relative parameter bias differences between weight patterns used were observed for the level two school mobility predictor across conditions as well as the level two random effects variance component, in some conditions. Substantial SE bias differences between weight patterns used were also found for the school mobility predictor in some conditions. Substantial SE and parameter bias was found for some parameters for which it was not anticipated. The results, discussion, future directions for research, and implications for applied researchers are discussed.