Effect of Temperature on Wear Rate of Homopolar Pulse Consolidated Electrical Brush
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Binderless copper-graphite composite electrical brushes are being developed using a high-energy, high-rate pulse sintering technique by the Center for Electromechanics at The University of Texas at Austin (CEM-UT). Experiments were done to investigate temperature's effect on the homopolar pulse consolidated (HPC) brush wear rate for an apparent brush current density of 180 A cm−2, a brush downforce of 44.5 N, and rotor surface sliding speeds of 10 m s−1 and 40 m s−1. At a sliding speed of 10 m s−1, it was found that brush wear rate dropped steeply as the brush bulk temperature increased from 80 °C to 103 °C. Other than this unusual wear finding in this particular sliding speed and temperature range, test results indicated that brush wear rate generally increased with increasing brush bulk temperature. At a sliding speed of 40 m s−1, it was found that brush wear rate suddenly increased by several times as the brush bulk temperature approached 149 °C. In the case of 10 m s−1 sliding speed, no stepwise rise in brush wear rate was observed even as the brush bulk temperature reached 156 °C.