Instrumentation for EM Launcher Systems
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This paper reviews the techniques found successful for the measurement of current, voltage and velocity in electromagnetic (EM) launcher experiments at the Center for Electromechanics at The University of Texas at Austin (CEM-UT). Current measurement methods using shunts, current transformers, and Rogowski coils are presented and discussed. Special attention is given to the construction and calibration of Rogowski coils and their integrators. Voltage measurements by means of high impedance voltage dividers and current transformers are reviewed. Finally, velocity measurements are presented, with attention to obtaining reliable measurements from time-of-flight velocimeters and ballistic sleds.