Assembly Of The First Disk Galaxies Under Radiative Feedback From Pop III Stars
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We investigate how radiative feedback from the first stars affects the assembly of the first dwarf galaxies. We perform cosmological zoomed smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations of a galaxy assembling inside a halo reaching a virial mass similar to 10(9) M-circle dot at z = 10. The simulations follow the non-equilibrium chemistry and cooling of primordial gas and the subsequent conversion of the cool dense gas into massive metal-free stars. To quantify the radiative feedback, we compare a simulation in which stars emit both molecular hydrogen dissociating and hydrogen ionizing radiation with a simulation in which stars do not emit radiation but remain dark. Photodissociation and photoionization exert a strong negative feedback on the assembly of the galaxy inside the minihalo progenitor, impeding gas condensation and suppressing star formation. The radiative feedback on the gas implies a suppression of the central dark matter densities in the minihalo by factors of up to a few, which is a significant deviation from the singular isothermal density profile characterizing the dark matter distribution in the absence of radiative feedback. The properties of the galaxy become insensitive to the inclusion of radiation once the minihalo turns into an atomic cooler. The formation of a rotationally supported extended disk inside the atomically cooling galaxy therefore is a robust outcome of our simulations. Our simulations make predictions for observations with the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope.