Patterns of surface EMG following muscular endurance training
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The delayed occurrence of fatigue while maintaining submaximal force output is a function that could be driven by the central nervous system (CNS). It has been found previously that mean EMG amplitude increases with fatigue. Endurance time has also been found to increase over repeated testing. The purpose of this study was to compare the muscle activation patterns and endurance times after training of the AdP muscle. This study analyzed surface EMG of the adductor pollicis (AdP) muscle in young, healthy adults during a sustained submaximal isometric fatiguing contraction before and after 4 weeks of muscular endurance task training. Eight participants (training group: n = 4 and control group: n = 4) carried out maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) while sustaining isometric force of 20% MVC of thumb adduction before and after the four weeks of endurance training. EMG, recorded through surface electrodes, was measured before and after training in an effort to detect a possible CNS training effect. The endurance training group trained the AdP muscle at 20% MVC every other day for 4 weeks. Average force was calculated over 5 second time bins every 5% of endurance time (20 time bins total). A significant increase in endurance time was seen in the training group of this study. A significant effect of change for pre and post-training mean EMG amplitude across the two groups was found (p < .001). A significant interaction effect between pre and post training and control groups was also found (p = .016). There was also a significant deficit in increases of mean amplitude between the first and last time bins of the endurance task (pre and post) after training. This indicates that there is an effect of training on increasing endurance time which can be exhibited through changes in mean EMG amplitude.