Riḥla lughawīya fī il-lahajāt il-Ṣa'īdīya : a phonological description of stop variation in Upper Egyptian Arabic
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It is universally accepted that the majority of Ṣa‘īdī (Upper Egyptian) and Cairene consonants correspond with each other very closely. However, the Ṣa‘īdī cognates of Cairene /tˤ/, /g/, and /ʔ/ show significant variation that has not yet been studied phonologically or mapped. The research that has been conducted on these Upper Egyptian cognate sounds is either based on a very small sample size, or lacking phonological distributions for these sounds. This paper revisits the phonological variation and distribution of the Upper Egyptian cognates for the Cairene /tˤ/, /g/, and /ʔ/. This study concludes that its Ṣa‘īdī cognate of the Cairene /tˤ/ is [ɗ] in most regions, and that the Ṣa‘īdī cognates of the /g/, and /ʔ/ differ from previous documentation.