Eigenfunction construction by classical periodic orbits
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In this dissertation, we devise a quantization scheme to construct eigenfunctions by classical periodic orbits in both regular systems as well as chaotic systems. Our method is based on the principle that eigenfunctions can be resolved from a time-dependent wavefunction. This is different from the classical (or EBK) quantization scheme that constructs eigenfunction in the energy-domain. The advantage of our method is that it can be applied to more varieties of systems, including some chaotic systems. Three systems, the simple harmonic oscillator, the x⁴-potential oscillator, and the x²y² quartic-oscillator, are used as examples for our eigenfunction construction. The key to the constructions is a family (or families) of periodic orbits with a newly defined quantization rule, the resolving quantization rule. The eigenspectrum for the x⁴-potential oscillator is also computed. Furthermore, the classical Green's function is used to explain the relation between the resolving quantization rule and the classical quantization rule. This dissertation begins with an introduction in Chapter 1. The semiclassical theory for the eigenfunction construction by periodic orbits is developed in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3 and Chapter 4, eigenfunctions are constructed for the simple harmonic oscillator, the x⁴-potential oscillator, and the x²y² quartic-oscillator. The eigenspectrum for the x⁴-potential oscillator is computed in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 is devoted to discussions including the interpretation of the resolving quantization rule from the classical Green's function, the interpretation of the photoabsorption spectrum for a Rydberg atom in a magnetic field, and the comparison of our method with the EBK quantization scheme. Conclusions are made in Chapter 7.