Workshop Report: Developing a Research Agenda for the Energy Water Nexus
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The energy water nexus has attracted public scrutiny because of the concerns about their interdependence and the possibility for cascading vulnerabilities from one system to the other. There are trends toward more water-‐intensive energy (such as biofuels , unconventional oil and gas production, and regulations driving more water consumption for thermoelectric power production ) and more energy-‐intensive water (such as desalination, or deeper ground water pumping and production). In addition demographic trends of population and economic growth will likely drive up total and per capita water and energy demand, and due to climate change related distortions of the hydrologic cycle, it is expected that the existing interdependencies will be come even more of a concern. Therefore, developing a research agenda and strategy to mitigate potential vulnerabilities and to meet economic and environmental targets for efficiently using energy and water would be very worthwhile. To address these concerns, the National Science Foundation (NSF) sponsored a workshop on June 10-‐11, 2013 in Arlington, VA (at NSF headquarters) to bring together technical, academic, and industry experts from across the country to help develop such a research agenda. The workshop was sponsored by NSF Grant Number CBET 1341032 from the Division of Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental and Transport Systems. Supporting programs were: Thermal Transport Processes, Environmental Sustainability, and Environmental Engineering.
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