Advances in applications of modern biotechnology methods in methanogens
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Methanogens are autotrophic Archaea that produce methane as a product of their anaerobic metabolism. They are the largest producers of global methane, contributing over 60% of the total methane budget each year. Methane is an extremely potent greenhouse gas, with emissions providing the second-largest contribution to historical global temperature increases after carbon dioxide. Methanogens have become extremely important industrially as because they are used in the production of biofuels, as well as in treating industrial waste for industrial processes. This report will focus on those successful genetic methods and modifications that have been developed for methanogens and how they have started to contribute to understanding methanogen biochemistry.