Decentralized probabilistic density control of swarm of autonomous agents with conflict avoidance constraints
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This report describes a method to control the density distribution of a large number of autonomous agents. The approach is based on the fact that there are a large number of agents in the system, and hence the time evolution of the probabilistic density distribution of agents can be described as a Markov chain. The main contribution of this paper is the synthesis of a Markov matrix which will guide the multi-agent system density to a desired steady-state density distribution, in a probabilistic sense, while satisfying some motion and safety constraints. Also, an adaptive density control method based on real time density feedback is introduced to synthesize a time-varying Markov ma- trix, which leads to better convergence to the desired density distribution. Finally, a decentralized density computation method is described. This method guarantees that all agents will have a best, and common, density estimate in a finite, with an explicit bound, number of communication updates.