Utility management of plug-in electric vehicle residential charging
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The purpose of this study is to identify realistic opportunities and barriers regarding PEV charge management by analyzing real-world PEV data from customers in the Austin Energy service area and evaluating direct, quantifiable economic value benefits as it relates new revenue, cost avoidance, CO2 reductions, and MW potential for peak shaving. The main objective is to provide business analysis to support the strategic road-map for Austin Energy PEV home charging programs. Three main charge program implementations are considered: Uncontrolled Charging, Time of Use Rates, and One Way Utility Control. The data used for the analysis includes 45 households with PEVs from Mueller area; 24 were under a Time of Use trial with pricing incentives to charge at night, and 21 receive normal Austin Energy rates. Data analysis shows that 66% of Time of Use trial group successfully shifted PEV load to Off Peak hours (10:00PM to 6:00AM). The potential of One Way control, based on load availability for interruption, shows that it will not be possible to implement until there are 37,000 PEVs in the Austin Energy area. Uncontrolled Charging represents a risk by increasing load during the residential peak. Time of Use Rates program will incentivize load shifting, reduce wholesale energy costs for Austin Energy while allowing customers to reduce their overall electricity bill.