Social sustainability and transit : designs for two neighborhoods in Stockholm
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Smaller cities are the future metropolis of tomorrow, it is in them that we should plan and improve the quality of life now for the years to come. It is with this in mind that Stockholm, with 2,125,000 inhabitants and 9 different modes of transportation, was selected after an extensive research of over 500 cities around the world. Through their 'Vision 2030: The Walkable City,' Stockholm puts their attention into a long-term sustainability with several key projects, which include Hagastaden and Albano. Already in advanced stages, these proposals do not live up to the standard already demonstrated by previous projects in the city in terms of sustainability and quality of life. Their close location to each other, surrounded by three major universities and untouched nature, provides the opportunity to connect back to the landscape through a series of 'green networks' that condition the new urban form. As well, three strategies are implemented: social, transportation and sustainability strategies. The creation of a vibrant neighborhood can be achieved through a strong community with a particular focus in children, safety, mixture of uses, access to sunlight and flexible spaces. Being placed in proximity to at least five different modes of transportation provides the residents and workers the relief of car ownership; strengthened by shared vehicles located in underground parking facilities accessed via public spaces. These social and transportation strategies work together under the 'Hammarby Model' of sustainability that handles water, waste and energy in an efficient closed loop implemented in Hammarby Sjöstad (1999) and Royal Seaport (2011).