Heights and infinite algebraic extensions of the rationals
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This dissertation contains a number of results on properties of infinite algebraic extensions of the rational field, all of which have a view toward the study of heights in diophantine geometry. We investigate whether subextensions of extensions generated by roots of polynomials of a given degree are themselves generated by polynomials of small degree, a problem motivated by the study of heights. We discuss a relative version of the Bogomolov property (the absence of small points) for extensions of fields of algebraic numbers. We describe the relationship between the Bogomolov property and the structure of the multiplicative group. Finally, we describe some results on height lower bounds which can be interpreted as diophantine approximation results in the multiplicative group.