On accommodating spatial dependence in bicycle and pedestrian injury counts by severity level
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This paper proposes a new spatial multivariate count model to jointly analyze the traffic crash- related counts of pedestrians and bicyclists by injury severity. The modeling framework is applied to predict injury counts at a Census tract level, based on crash data from Manhattan, New York. The results highlight the need to use a multivariate modeling system for the analysis of injury counts by road-user type and injury severity level, while also accommodating spatial dependence effects in injury counts.