A Classification Taxonomy and Empirical Analysis of Work Arrangements
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The work-related characteristics of an individual act as pegs around which other non-work activities of an individual are scheduled on a day-to-day basis. In this paper, we identify four dimensions of the medium-to-long range work arrangements that are important to day-to-day temporal and spatial characteristics of work patterns (and hence to day-to-day activity-travel schedules). The four dimensions are: (1) Full-time versus part-time employment, (2) Teleworking or not, (3) Inflexible or flexible work schedules, and (4) Regular or alternate shifts. The paper develops a comprehensive taxonomy of work arrangements in each of these four dimensions and empirically analyses the factors impacting the work arrangement decisions along three of these dimensions.