Director of physical activity professional development outcomes
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The Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP) model is one way to organize physical activity (PA) opportunities around specific target populations and points of intervention. It is recommended that physical education teachers serve as Directors of Physical Activity (DPA), given their expertise and experiences in the school setting. PURPOSE: This study examined the current role of physical education teachers in providing PA opportunities for students by implementing the CSPAP. The effects of professional development (PD) on teacher efficacy (TE) toward the implementation of the CSPAP were also investigated. METHODS: Using a collective case study approach, 30 physical teachers (Male=9; Experience 17.47) completed a survey on PA opportunities and self-efficacy. Twelve of the physical education teachers then participated in the DPA certification process, which consisted of a one-day workshop with 12-months of online support and follow-up to track their implementation of the CSPAP. Participants who engaged in the DPA certification participated in a series of in-depth interviews, as well as observations and site visits. Over twelve months the researcher inductively reflected on the data with the intent of forming concepts, hypotheses, and theories through organizing themes and teacher vignettes. Descriptive statistics and a MANCOVA were calculated to determine group differences while a series of RM-MANCOVA's were used to determine pre/post differences. Regression analyses were employed to determine the predictors of change in PA. RESULTS: Qualitative results revealed six themes and three teacher vignettes. RM MANCOVA's revealed no significant difference between pre/post experience, however, regression analyses revealed significant predictors of offering PA opportunities. It was identified that group, TE and PD were both significant predictors when providing PA opportunities: (a) before and after school (F(8, 21) = 2.65, p < .05, R² adj. = .31), (b) with family and community members (F(8, 21) = 2.62, p < .05, R² adj. = .31), and (c) for staff wellness (F(8, 21) = 3.80, p<.01, R² adj = .44). CONCLUSION: Physical education teachers are capable and willing to provide PA opportunities, beyond those offered during physical education, by assuming the role of a DPA. The frequency of these opportunities is influenced by TE and PD.