Psychosocial influences of acculturation and acculturative stress on leptin, adiponectin, and gestational diabetes in Mexican American women during pregnancy
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The purpose of this biobehavioral study was to explore relationships between psychosocial stressors of acculturation, acculturative stress, and metabolic markers of leptin and adiponectin in Mexican American women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A case control design was used for this secondary analysis which included a sample of 38 pregnant women with GDM and 38 healthy controls without GDM, who were matched on age and BMI status. Subjects completed two surveys—the Multidimensional Acculturation Scale II (MASII) and the Multidimensional Acculturative Stress Inventory (MASI)—which measured acculturation and acculturative stress. Descriptive statistics, Pearson r correlations, and independent sample t-tests were used to analyze the data. The results from this study indicated that significant relationships do exist between some of the variables of interest; however, there were no overall significant differences found between women with and without gestational diabetes. These mixed results may be an indicator of a need to further explore these concepts.