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dc.contributor.advisorGale, Frances R.
dc.creatorGallagher, Casey Amberen
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-21T21:08:28Zen
dc.date.available2013-11-21T21:08:28Zen
dc.date.issued2009-05en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/22370en
dc.descriptiontexten
dc.description.abstractThe limestone façade of the Alamo shows several areas of biological growth with black and gray streaks and blotches discoloring the stone. This thesis investigates the identity of the microorganisms on the stone, using two: DNA identification, and lab cultures grown from samples of the biofilm. By using both approaches, a better understanding was gained of the range of organisms present. Through these tests, it was found that the dominant organism on the limestone is cyanobacteria, of the genus Chrooccocus. Lab cultures revealed other organisms, including possibly fungi photobionts and algae. Through analysis and comparison of historic and contemporary photographs, patterns of recolonization are investigated. To further understand the effects of the biocide treatments, cultured samples were treated, and their reactions monitored. To better understand the possible relationship between the Alamo stone and its colonizing organisms, physical properties of the stone were investigated. SEM images, Edax minerology and water absorption were used to characterize the stone. This study is the first of its kind to investigate Native Texas quarried architectural limestone. Although studies have been conducted on historic monuments around the world to identify biological growth, none have focused on Texas limestone. By using both DNA and lab culture identification, this study adds to a wealth of investigations of other conservation professionals, applying it to a subject that has not been studied in this way before. By understanding the colonizing organisms, a sustainable conservation regimen can be determined.en
dc.format.mediumelectronicen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.rightsCopyright is held by the author. Presentation of this material on the Libraries' web site by University Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin was made possible under a limited license grant from the author who has retained all copyrights in the works.en
dc.subjectAlamoen
dc.subjectConservationen
dc.subjectMicroorganismsen
dc.subjectLimestoneen
dc.subject.lcshLimestone--Texasen
dc.subject.lcshAlamo (San Antonio, Tex.)--Conservation and restorationen
dc.titleBiological growth on the Alamoen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.description.departmentArchitectureen
thesis.degree.departmentArchitecture, School ofen
thesis.degree.disciplineHistoric Preservationen
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Texas at Austinen
thesis.degree.levelMastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science in Historic Preservationen
dc.rights.restrictionRestricteden


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