Cooperative binational coastal zone management : recommendations for Texas and Tamaulipas
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The Gulf of Mexico is a shared resource at risk. It is facing many problems such as exponential population growth, degrading water quality, consequences of oil and gas activities, unsustainable exploitation of resources, and lack of public education and political interest. In response, Mexico and the United States have devised their own set of programs and strategies to best manage their coastal zones. There have been a few official coastal management efforts between the U.S. Gulf states and Mexico. However, the existence of these collaborative programs does not supplant the need for a binational, integrated coastal management effort. Texas and Tamaulipas have participated in these cooperation programs, but direct coastal collaboration between the two states has been limited. Although there is an obvious disparity between the two regarding CZM practices, both states face similar challenges that require a cooperative effort and combined resources. This report explores different alternatives for binational cooperation between Texas and Tamaulipas at the regional level, in the context of the existing CZM frameworks and strategies of each state.