Analysis of transmission system events and behavior using customer-level voltage synchrophasor data
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The research topics presented in this dissertation focus on validation of customer-level voltage synchrophasor data for transmission system analysis, detection and categorization of power system events as measured by phasor measurement units (PMUs), and identification of the influence of power system conditions (wind power, daily and seasonal load variation) on low-frequency oscillations. Synchrophasor data can provide information across entire power systems but obtaining the data, handling the large dataset and developing tools to extract useful information from it is a challenge. To overcome the challenge of obtaining data, an independent synchrophasor network was created by taking synchrophasor measurements at customer-level voltage. The first objective is to determine if synchrophasor data taken at customer-level voltage is an accurate representation of power system behavior. The validation process was started by installing a transmission level (69 kV) PMU. The customer-level voltage measurements were validated by comparison of long term trends and low-frequency oscillations estimates. The techniques best suited for synchrophasor data analysis were identified after a detailed study and comparison. The same techniques were also applied to detect power system events resulting in the creation of novel categories for numerous events based on shared characteristics. The numerical characteristics for each category and the ranges of each numerical characteristic for each event category are identified. The final objective is to identify trends in power system behavior related to wind power and daily and seasonal variations by utilizing signal processing and statistical techniques.
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