On the blow-up of four-dimensional Ricci flow singularities
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In 2002, Feldman, Ilmanen, and Knopf constructed the first example of a non-trivial (i.e. non-constant curvature) complete non-compact shrinking soliton, and conjectured that it models a Ricci flow singularity forming on a closed four-manifold. In this thesis, we confirm their conjecture and, as a consequence, show that limits of blow-ups of Ricci flow singularities on closed four-dimensional manifolds do not necessarily have non-negative Ricci curvature.