An improved viscous-inviscid interactive method and its application to ducted propellers
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A two-dimensional viscous-inviscid interactive boundary layer method is applied to three dimensional problems of flow around ducts and ducted propellers. The idea is to predict the effects of fluid viscosity on three dimensional geometries, like ducts, using a two-dimensional boundary layer solver to avoid solving the fully three dimensional boundary layer equations, assuming that the flow is two-dimensional on individual sections of the geometry. The viscous-inviscid interactive method couples a perturbation potential based inviscid panel method with a two-dimensional viscous boundary layer solver using the wall transpiration model. The boundary layer solver used in the study solves for the integral boundary layer characteristics given the edge velocity distribution on the geometry. The viscous-inviscid coupling is applied in a stripwise manner but by including the interaction e ffects from other strips. An important development in this thesis is the consideration of eff ects of other strips in a more rational and accurate manner, leading to improved results in the cases examined when compared to the results of a previous method. In particular, the effects of potentials due to other strips arising out of the three dimensional formulation are considered in this thesis. The validity of assuming two-dimensional flow along individual sections for application of viscous-inviscid coupling is investigated for the case of an open propeller by calculating the boundary layer characteristics in the direction normal to the assumed direction of two-dimensional flow from data obtained by RANS simulations. Also, a previous method which models the flow around the trailing edge of blunt hydrofoils has been improved and extended to three dimensional axisymmetric ducts. This method is applied to ducts with blunt and sharp trailing edges and to a ducted propeller. Correlations of results with experiments and simulations from RANS are shown.