Improvements and extensions of dynamic traffic assignment in transportation planning
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A comprehensive approach is conducted to better utilize dynamic traffic assignment (DTA) in transportation planning by investigating its role in: (1) high-order functions, (2) project evaluation, and (3) traffic assignment. A method is proposed to integrate DTA and the four-step planning model such that traffic assignment is conducted at the subnetwork level while the feedback process occurs at the regional level. By allowing interaction between the subnetwork and regional area, the method is shown to be more beneficial than previous integration structures. Additionally, DTA is applied to a case study involving the proposed urban rail system in Austin, TX. The case study showcases the benefits and capabilities of DTA when analyzing traffic impacts caused by transit rail facilities. Multiple equilibria are shown to arise in simulation-based DTA models due to simplified fundamental diagrams. Piecewise linear diagrams are introduced to eliminate unlikely equilibria. Game theory is also applied to DTA; it is shown that an equilibrium solution is guaranteed to exist for general networks in mixed strategies, and unrealistic equilibria are reduced using the trembling hand refinement.