|dc.contributor.advisor||Stark, Kevin Douglas.||en
|dc.creator||Natinsky, Michelle Bronik||en
|dc.description.abstract||Based on Beck’s (1967, 1979) cognitive theory of depression and the
constructs of self-schema and interpersonal schema, this study examined the
relationships among self-schema, interpersonal schema, and depressive
symptomatology in a clinical and control sample of adolescents. Gender differences
were investigated as well. Participants for this study were 59 youngsters, ages 11 to
18, who were receiving psychological services in a residential treatment facility in
Texas (n = 35) or were nonpsychiatric adolescents from local public schools (n = 24).
Participants completed a semi-structured diagnostic interview (K-SADS-EP) and the
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT). Depression was assessed by the diagnostic
interview. Self-schema and interpersonal schema were assessed through verbal
transcript coding of the TAT.
Results indicated that, while there was no significant difference between
genders for self-schema, there were significant differences between the depressed and
nondepressed groups on self-schema. The depressed adolescents had significantly
more negative self-schema than nondepressed adolescents. Results indicated no
significant interaction between gender and diagnostic group for self-schema.
Results revealed that there were no significant differences between genders or
diagnostic groups for interpersonal schema. Results indicated no significant
interaction between gender and diagnostic group for interpersonal schema.
Lastly, the investigation examined whether the constructs of self-schema and
interpersonal schema are more highly correlated for girls than for boys. Results
indicated that self-schema and interpersonal schema were not significantly correlated
for boys or for girls. In addition, there was not a significant difference between the
girls’ and boys’ correlations between self- and interpersonal schema.
As the interpersonal schema coding system was created for the purposes of
this investigation, it had not been used in prior studies. Despite the advantages of
using verbal coding in order to avoid social desirability in responses, further research
is needed regarding the coding system’s ability to measure interpersonal schema. This
study was considered a step in understanding the relationship between self-schema,
interpersonal schema, and depressive symptomatology in an adolescent population.
Implications of these results are discussed, and directions for future research are
|dc.rights||Copyright is held by the author. Presentation of this material on
the Libraries' web site by University Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin was made
possible under a limited license grant from the author who has retained all copyrights in
|dc.subject.lcsh||Depression in adolescence--Sex differences||en
|dc.subject.lcsh||Person schemas--Sex differences||en
|dc.subject.lcsh||Depression in adolescence--Texas||en
|dc.title||Gender differences in the relationship between self-schema and interpersonal schema in adolescent depression||en
|thesis.degree.grantor||The University of Texas at Austin||en
|thesis.degree.name||Doctor of Philosophy||en