The syntax and semantics of serial verb constructions in Thai
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This dissertation examines both syntax and semantics of the Serial Verb Constructions (SVCs) in Thai in Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG) framework. It is proposed that there are eight types of the SVCs in Thai with respect to the restriction of the limited set of verbs that occurs in the series, which are the Motion SVCs, Posture SVCs, Take-SVCs, Use-SVCs, Open Class SVCs, Give-SVCs, Causative SVCs, and Resultative SVCs. I show that the syntactic structure of Thai SVCs is different from the coordinate construction. Their syntactic structure is subordination. I further propose that the argument sharing between verbs in the series of all eight types of SVCs in Thai involves two kinds of control relation, which are functional control and thematic control. Only the Give-SVCs exhibits the object control. For the semantic structure of Thai SVCs, I provide the cancellation test and the time marker test to show that verbs in the series of the Motion SVCs, Take-SVCs, Open class SVCs, and Give-SVCs encode at least two viii separate events while those in the Posture SVCs, Use-SVCs, Causative SVCs, and Resultative SVCs encode only one event. I adopt Andrews and Manning’s split PRED attribute idea as the analysis of the SVCs in Thai. I propose two kinds of the Lexical Conceptual Structure (LCS) for SVCs in Thai, which are Complex LCS for the Motion SVCs, Take-SVCs, Open class SVCs, and Give-SVCs, and Simple LCS for the Posture SVCs, Use-SVCs, Causative SVCs, and Resultative SVCs. The predicate composition is the mechanism for the merger of the Lexical Conceptual Structure (LCS) of each verb in the series. The LFG analysis of every type of Thai SVCs is shown in chapter 5.