Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography for primate retinal evaluation in a longitudinal glaucoma study
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A polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) instrument is presented for the study of glaucoma. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide and causes irreversible damage to the retina. This PS-OCT system was built to perform retinal imaging with a swept source laser providing a 28 kHz A-scan repetition rate. Thickness, phase retardation, birefringence and reflectance index measurements were taken from the primate eyes on a weekly or semi-weekly basis through the course of a 30 week study. Statistical analysis of these measurements indicates that the reflectance index is the earliest measured indicator of glaucomatous changes and a potential marker for early glaucoma diagnosis.